The latter, by common consent, are recognized to represent their camp in the same way as a headman does but without the formal recognition of the Basseri chief. More recent estimates of the Basseri population have not been widely published.
Therefore, they feel a need to be in tune with their environment and protect it as many other Muslims would feel about their mosques. Even when they are aware of specific customs, they are not consistent in observing them.
The approximately 18, to 21, square kilometers that they traditionally inhabit spans a large ecological range. The Basseri of Iran: The Basseri keep a count of their numbers and describe their camp groups in terms of tents sing, khune, "house".
They do not respect to divisions and events of the Muslim year,Although villagers remind them continually. They settled in one pasture area during summer, when they would also grow some wheat, and were more nomadic during winter Keesing, Also read article about Basseri from Wikipedia User Contributions: In other words, because of the pastoral mode of production, a tribal chief in Fars Province where the Basseri were situated did not have a monopoly of leadership over his tribesmen.
In winter, the families separated into small clusters of two to five tents, associated as herding units. Tent residents hold rights over all movable property including flocks, and they can act as independent units for political purposes.
The habitat of the Basseri derives from the hot and arid climate of the Persian Gulf. The marriage contract is often drawn up and written by a nontribal ritual specialist, or holy The basseri tribe of iran. Such agreement may be achieved in various ways, ranging from coercion by a powerful leader to mutual consent through compromise by all concerned.
The husbands would discuss with members of other tents who show interests in his sons or daughters and together, they would arrange marriages between the sons and daughters of other tents or households. As the Basseri depends on the animals like sheep and goats for meeting their daily needs, they are identified as Pastorals, who depends on live stock for fulfilling their needs.
The marriage contract is often drawn up and written by a nontribal ritual specialist, or holy man. Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: Even the fast of Ramadan and the feast of Moharram, which are of central importance to the surrounding Muslims, are observed by only a few Basseri.
Tribesmen could have literally walked or ridden away from their chief if they wished Salzman, In the fall, when pastures are generally poor, the remains of harvested fields become available for pasturage.
This power was conceived of as emanating from the khan, rather than delegated to him by his subjects. The latter, by common consent, are recognized to represent their camp in the same way as a headman does but without the formal recognition of the Basseri chief.
Finally, with regard to political organisation, Salzman has argued that the relatively egalitarian nature of the pastoral mode of subsistence, where ordinary tribesmen had the capability and means to resist, ignore, flee, or otherwise not comply with or accept the authority of a khan, made the image of a centralised chiefdom a mere illusion, which was useful to maintain for the outside world, but did not reflect the nature of social and political relations within a pastoralist society like that of the Basseri.
These rights are recognized by the local populations and authorities. The authority of headmen is derived from agnatic kinship in a ramifying descent system, as well as from matrilateral and affinal relations.
Other domesticated animals include donkeys for transport and riding mainly by women and childrenhorses for riding only predominantly by mencamels for heavy transport and wool, and dogs for keeping watch in camp.
Rituals are more often connected with the life cycle—birth, marriage, death—than with Islamic traditions. Although patrilineal kinship unites larger kin-based groups, bonds of solidarity also tie matrikin together. In the southern lowland, however, rapid runoff and summer droughts limit vegetation to hardy desert scrubs and temporary grass cover in the rainy season of winter and early spring.
Nonetheless, the political power that a headman derives from the chief is very limited. Dowling has argued that because the Basseri have lived for thousands of years with other tribes, states, urban populations, and peasants, they have developed market relations with these groups, which have given rise to private property.
As is commonly the case in the Middle East, the agnatic lines of the Basseri are predominant in matters of succession. In the southern lowland, however, rapid runoff and summer droughts limit vegetation to hardy desert scrubs and temporary grass cover in the rainy season of winter and early spring.
Nonetheless, the political power that a headman derives from the chief is very limited. Their societies are usually organized through the kinship relations between tribes, surrounding almost more than hundreds of people.
Nomads of South Persia. Leaders of different camps may be of two kinds: The boys could look after the herds even though there were cases that I read where girls were allowed to do shepherding duties as well and protect and help the communities in the struggle between other communities.The Basseri people of Iran are a nomadic group of people that inhibit the mountainous regions of southern Iran.
Like many other nomadic tribes in the Middle East, theirs is a rich history that at times has involved persecution and forced change by foreign invaders, religious rule, domestic oppression. Basseri Africa / Middle East. More a question than a comment.
I am doing research on the Basseri of Iran and was reading this article. Basseri is a very old tribe of the area hence most of the population in southern Iran has ancestral link with Basseri.
The east of Iran, Semnan, is inhabited by other nomadic groups such as Yazd-e-Khast, the Bugard-Basseri, and Basseri.
The son of a Basseri is regarded as Basseri even though his mother may be from another tribe or village. On the other hand, when a Basseri woman marries outside the tribe she transmits no rights in the tribe to her offspring. The Basseri of Iran: The Impact of Pastoralism on Kinship, Social Organisation and Political Organisation.
The Basseri of Southern Iran are traditionally a nomadic, tent-dwelling people, descended from Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and gypsy ancestors.
Basseri - Kinship and Sociopolitical Organization One of the primary social units of Basseri society is the group of people who share a tent.
The Basseri keep a count of their numbers and describe their camp groups in terms of tents (sing, khune, "house").Download